Sharm El Sheikh has a significant location situated at the southernmost section of Sinai, around 500 kilometres away from Cairo, the Egyptian capital, and positioned in the place where the Suez Gulf and the Aqaba Gulf meet together with the Red Sea to the South. . It is on a promontory overlooking the Straits of Tiran at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba. Its strategic importance led to its transformation from a fishing village into a major port and naval base for the Egyptian Navy.
Sharm el-Sheikh (Sharm ash Shaykh also transliterated as شرم الشيخ and popularly known simply as “Sharm”) is a well-known port and resort town at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, popular with package holiday makers and divers.
Sharm el-Sheikh is sometimes called the “City of Peace”, referring to the large number of international peace conferences that have been held there. It was known as Şarm-üş Şeyh during Ottoman rule and was known as Ofira during Israeli occupation between 1967 and 1982.
A hierarchical planning approach was adopted for the Gulf of Aqaba, whereby their components were evaluated and subdivided into zones, cities and centers. In accordance with this approach, the Gulf of Aqaba zone was subdivided into four cities: Taba,Nuweiba, Dahab and Sharm El Sheikh. Sharm El Sheikh city has been subdivided into five homogeneous centers, namely Nabq, Ras Nusrani, Naama Bay, Umm Sid and Sharm El Maya. Sharm El Sheikh city, together with Naama Bay, Hay el Nour, Hadaba, Rowaysat, Montazah and Shark’s Bay form a metropolitan area.
Surrounded by a circle of Desert Mountains and hills, Sharm El Sheikh is protected from the strong winds that come from the Northern section of Sinai. The city rises as a star on a rocky spur that is divided into the bay of Sharm El Sheikh and the bay of Sharm El Maya
This combination of desert and sea
an incredible sight
makes you believe you are on a different planet
The first chapter in the history of Sharm el Sheikh is said to have taken place in Jabal Musa (Mount Sinai), where, in Biblical times, Moses is believed to have climbed the mountain and received two tablets upon which the Ten Commandments were inscribed. Another important Biblical landmark situated near Sharm el Sheikh is St. Catherine’s Monastery, which dates all the way back to the 4th century BC and is widely acknowledged as being the site of the Burning Bush.
By 639 AD, the Arabs had opened Sinai. A succession of Islamic dynasties followed before Sharm el Sheikh came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. It became a significant port named Sarm-us Seyh in the 16th century.
About 40 years ago, Sharm el-Sheikh was nothing but a small fishing village with about 100 Bedouin citizens.
Sharm El Sheikh was formerly a port, but commercial shipping has been greatly reduced as the result of strict environmental laws introduced in the 1990s. Until 1982, there was only a military port in Sharm El Sheikh, on the northern part of Marsa Bareka. The civilian port development started in the mid-1980s, when the Sharm-al-Maya Bay became the city’s main yacht and service port.
Economy and tourism
Sharm El Sheikh’s major industry is foreign and domestic tourism, owing to its dramatic landscape, year-round dry climate with long hot summers and warm winters as well as long stretches of natural beaches. Its waters are clear and calm for most of the year and have become popular for various watersports, particularly recreational scuba divingand snorkeling. There is great scope for scientific tourism with diversity in marine life species; 250 different coral reefs and 1000 species of fish.
These natural resources, together with its proximity to European tourism markets, have stimulated the rapid growth of tourism that the region is currently experiencing. The total number of resorts increased from three in 1982 to ninety-one in 2000. Guest nights also increased in that period of time from sixteen thousand to 5.1 million. Companies that have been attracted to invest in this city include Hyatt Regency, Accor, Marriott, Le Méridien, Four Seasons, and Ritz-Carlton, with categories of three to five stars. In 2007, the area saw the opening of its first aqua park hotel resort. The four-star Aqua Blu Sharm Resort was built on the Ras Om El Seid, with an area of 133,905 square metres (1,441,340 sq ft).
Sharm Elsheikh Climate
The city experiences a subtropical arid climate, classified by the Köppen-Geiger system as hot desert(BWh). Typical temperatures range from 18 to 23 °C (64 to 73 °F) in January and 33 to 37 °C (91 to 99 °F) in August. The temperature of the Red Sea in this region ranges from 21 to 28 °C (70 to 82 °F) over the course of the year.
Marsa Alam, Kosseir and Sharm El Sheikh have the warmest winter night temperatures of cities and resorts in Egypt.
Many people will tell you that, Egypt is a breath of fresh air, It has many guarantees sunshine, a warm welcome, an infinite variety of ways to enjoy life and supreme value.
Perhaps you are about to make your first trip to Red Sea and Sinai after hearing a glowing report from a friend.
Or perhaps as a returning visitor you take great pleasure in passing on the good news to friends yourself.
We hope you find this guide really useful in making the very best of your time in one of the world’s great destinations.
One thing’s for sure one or two weeks won’t give you enough time to try everything you’ll find in the pages which follow. But look on the bright side you can spend your time on the short plane trip home making a wish list for your next trip and many more to come.
Keep smiling Egypt’s sharm Elsheikh always has a warm welcome for you.