Marine Life 2017-10-30T23:34:27+00:00

The southern Red Sea is among the richest and most productive of marine ecosystems, due to its large part reaches to over 250km of coastal fringing reef.

The fringing reef is supported by a wide reef flat or “back reef,” which can extend to 500 meters in some cases.

Some areas of back reef feature lagoons and can offer limited recreational opportunities like swimming, wading, or kite surfing.

This fringing reefs is occasionally split apart by small “Marsas” and “Sharms” and also feature remarkable reef topography such as swim troughs and tunnel systems.

There are also many off-shore reef complexes that feature vast coral gardens and canyons. Some of these reef complexes are considered the world’s best example of coral reef topography.

Red Sea Fish Species

Fish Species

The Red Sea’s underwater eco-system is home to over 300 species of coral and 1,200 species of fish, 10% of which are found nowhere else in the world. Spinner dolphins, dugongs, turtles, mantas, and sharks are just some of the marine species that calls these waters home. There are a number of reefs, islands and coastal regions, which are protected areas and national parks.

The abundant Red Sea fish population at over 800 species, 10% of which exist no where else in the world. This is by far one of the Red Sea’s exclusive attractions with a myriad of thriving colorful fish. The abundance of coral reefs allows for juvenile fish to grow and thrive into adulthood.

Endemic Species in the Red Sea


Dolphins attract tourists to Egypt every year, but despite their popularity, are still poorly known from a scientific point of view. Eight species are considered regular: Common Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), Indopacific Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus), Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris), Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata), Longbeaked Common Dolphin (Dephinus capensis), Risso’s Dolphin (Grampus griseus), Humpback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) and Bryde’s Whale (Balaenoptera edeni). Other height species are considered rare.

See More About Red Sea Marine Life  at Project Noah

Project Noah is a tool to explore and document wildlife and a platform to harness the power of citizen scientists everywhere.

Red Sea Marine Life